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Object ID 1000.106.01
Title "The Chevy Chase Land Company: The Beginning."
Object Name Exhibit
Date June 1990
Creator Eleanor Ford
Description "The Chevy Chase Land Company: The Beginning."
PIONEERS

Exhibit produced by Eleanor Ford for the Chevy Chase Historical Society. Mounted in June, 1990 to mark the 100th Anniversary of the Chevy Chase Land Company.

Photo (2008.203.03):
William Sharon (1821-1885)
Born in Steubenville, Ohio; trained in law; trader; moved to San Francisco in 1849; Invested profits from supplying miners in real estate and mining.
1852
Marries Maria Malloy, daughter of a Quebec sea captain
1864
Representative of the Bank of California in Virginia City, Nevada; Re-organized Comstock Lode operation and secured a monopoly of mining support services; started the Virginia and Truckee Railroad to connect mining operations to San Francisco
1874
Daughter Clara married colleague Francis J. Newlands
1875
From William Ralston inherited the Palace Hotel and the Bank of California which he coolly and skillfully saved from collapse
1875-1881
U.S. Senator from Nevada; bought land near Dupont Circle
1880's
Largest single taxpayer in California
1885
Left his fortune to his two children and Newlands.

Photo (2008.203.02):
Clara Adelaide Sharon Newlands, 1876 (daughter of William Sharon, first wife of Francs

Sharon Family Tree and Presidents of the Chevy Chase Land Co.
(see 1000.106.01a)

Photo (1988.05.05)
Francis Griffith Newlands (1848-1917)
Born in Natchez, Mississippi; one of four five children; educated in Chicago, Washington, and Yale
1867
A government job by day, Columbia Law School by night
1870
To San Franscisco to practice law; went to work for William Sharon
1874
Married Clara Sharon, with whom he had 3 children
1882
Wife and newborn son died
1885
Inherited part of Sharon's Fortune
1886
Began plans for Chevy Chase
1888
Married Edith McAllister; moved to Reno, Nevada
1890-1917
President of Chevy Chase Land Co.
1893-1902
U.S. Congressman from Nevada
1902-1916
U.S. Senator from Nevada; Land Reclamation Act; McMillan Plan


Photo (1988.05.06):
Edward J. Stellwagen (1855-1932)
Born Washington, D.C.; Emerson Institute; Columbia Law School U.S. Navy draftsman; practiced law with William Webb; joined Thomas J. Fisher and Co., largest real estate house in Washington; when Mr. Fisher died, Stellwagen and Thomas M. Gale took over the company and each married a Fisher daughter; organized Rock Creek Railway; director of Capitol Transit Co.
1890-1917
Vice President of Chevy Chase Land Co.
1899
President of Union Trust Co.; organized as a local corporate trustee for funds borrowed from Deacons Bank of Manchester, England for the Land Co.
1901-1921
Ran the Columbia Hotel Corp., which leased and ran the Willard Hotel, Raleigh Hotel, and Capitol Park Hotel.
1919-1932
President of the Chevy Chase Land Co.


Photo (2008.100.01):
Nathan Franklin Barrett, 1845-1919
Born on Staten Island, N.Y.; 3 years in Union Army
1866
Began study to become a landscape engineer worked with Lindley Johnson at Winter, Harbor, Pullman, Illinois; Tuxedo Park, New Rochelle, N.Y.; and Ponce de Leon, Florida.
1892
Worked on plans for streets and planting of Chevy Chase, MD.
1900-1915
Commissioner of Palisades Park; designed the grounds of many pricate estates.


Photo (1988.05.07):
Herbert Claude (1863-1933)
Born in Annapolis, MD; University of Maryland; purser on North German Lloyrd Steamers
1893
Appointed Superintendent of Rock Creek Railway; moved with his parents to 5900 Connecticut Avenue
1894
Married Cicily daughter of Colonel George Armes, Newlands' colleague in buying land; four children including Edith McAllister Claude (Jarvis), named for the second Mrs. Newlands.
1895-1933
Superintendent of the Chevy Chase division of the Captiol Traction Co.; Director of Chevy Chase Land Co. and liason
1907-1917
He leased Chevy Chase Lake from the Land Co. and developed it as an amusement park.
After 5900 Connecticut Avenue, he lived at Chevy Chase Lake, 101 East Lenox, 100 East Melrose, and 15 Newlands.


Photo (2008.106.02)
Leon E. Dessez (1858-1918)
Born in Washington, D.C.
1877
Joined Hornblower and Poindexter (later Marshall)
1886
Opened own firm at 15th and Pennsylvania Avenue
1893
Moved to Chevy Chase; he had prepared the building regulations for the Land Co. and was designing a house for them, with Lindley Johnson
1893-1918
Director of Chevy Chase Land Co.
1893
Designed house for Superintendent of the Naval Observatory (now the Vice President's house)
1908-1909
Revised the D.C. building regulations to establish first building code for Washington.
1910
built 3815 Jennifer Street for himself, and the Chevy Chase Apartments at the Circle.


Exhibit 1 of 6, see also 1000.106.02-06