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Object ID 1000.126.01
Title From Family Scrapbooks: The Youth of Chevy Chase Remember World War II
Object Name Exhibit
Date 04/2004
Creator Julie Rude Thomas
Description Jean Dinwoodey Linehan: Miss Dinwoodey, the Girl Scout on the left, presents the first Girl Scout cookie of the season to Eleanor Roosevelt. This photo appeared in the Washington Evening Star in 1942.

At Chevy Chase Elementary School children helped distribute War Ration books. Jean Dinwoodey Linehan remembers teacher Mary Catherine Singles, who signed her father's registration certificate. [Exhibit included a page of a ration book, registration certificate and OPA (Office of Price Administration) red tokens.]

"Red stamp rationing - This covers all meats, butter, fats and oils, and cheese (except the soft, perishable varieties)...Blue stamp rationing....cover(s) canned, bottled and frozen fruits and vegetables and their juices, dry beans, peas, lentils, etc., and processed foods such as soups, baby foods, baked beans, catsup, and chili sauce." William Offutt, author, Bethesda

Patty Metzel Mohler remembers:
" I was 12 years old and you couldn't get nylons (I think they had just been invented) or silk stockings. We were too young to wear them, but we would watch the teenage girls paint their legs with makeup and draw a line down the back of their legs to look like they had a seam."

16 High School Girls Crochet for Victory [newspaper article]
The Bethesda Branch of the Red Cross sent out a call for fireproof mitts to be used by air raid wardens in handling incendiary bombs. Sixteen Victory Corps girls at the Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School answered the call by forming a Productive Unit. Now each day during the 45-minute Victory Corps activity period the girls crochet merrily along for Victory. Made of heavy fireproof twine and lined with woolen material, the mitts resemble fleece-lined cotton string gloves. Crocheting one is no easy job, the girls say. By crocheting 45 minutes each school day for a month the girls can complete a pair each they figure. The glazed thread is difficult to throw over the hook and wrists get pretty tired after a 45-minute period, but what's a tired wrist in the war effort, the girls exclaim.
Linings are cut from woolen material because it burns less readily. Two linings are crocheted together at the outer edges to form a whole mitt which is then fastened inside the twine covering. Betty Lee Orphal has been named secretary of the group. Her job is to keep track of the materials and the hours of work. When the girls are 18 they can get credit for this work on a Red Cross cap and pin. Miss Ruth Davis is the faculty advisor. Girls in the class are Gertrude Hamill, Frances Rice, Frances Seward, Jean Stewart, Shirley Benson, Joan Cushman, Leonie Danoisse, Edna Lewis, Mary Wood, Carolyn Rice, Dolores Bryant, Sandra Irwin, Claire Short, Betty Lee Orphal, Nancy Moran and Barbara Avery.

Jean Dinwoodey Linehan also remembers "Mrs. Sowers the Chevy Chase Elementary School dietician, who lived at the top of Leland Street, taught the families nutrition and how to can food." Wonderful produce came from the Victory Gardens.

Pat Baptiste, Three years old in her parents' Victory Garden, Beach Drive at East-West Highway, Chevy Chase, MD

Eleanor Ford remembers...."In 1941, as a 9 year old in 3rd grade at Sidwell Friends School...Buying E Bonds resulted in a raise in allowance, the opening of my own bank account and new sense of financial participation, of the tangible rewards of saving and investing."

Eda Schrader Offut remembers..."One day a week we took 10 cents to school and bought a stamp. When the book was filled we got a war bond." [Exhibit included copies of a savings bond stamp booklet.]

Eleanor Ford also remembers..."Saving tin cans, rubber bands and tinfoil from chewing gum wrappers produced a glow of satisfaction with conservation, installing in me a permanent saving habit."

Aluminum Drive (photo taken by Brooks Photographers)

Patty Metzel Mohler remembers: "We collected scrap metal of all kinds. At 13 years old on Oxford Street, we formed the National Defense Club. We would get people to donate scrap metal. Once on Primrose Street we asked a resident if they had anything to donate. Upon giving a negative response, we asked, "What about the old water heater in your garage?" (Which we should never have known about, of course!) They gladly donated it to the cause! The parents encouraged the children to be involved in the war effort because our fathers were overseas or working downtown and couldn't talk about their jobs."

Patty Metzel Mohler remembers: "At 13 years old I was a member of the AWVS (American Women's Volunteer Service). We made sandwiches and coffee downtown on the Mall for the people working in the War and Navy Departments, as they worked around the clock and often the cafeterias were closed."

Timothy Gorman remembers...."...the exciting news about VE Day (May 8, 1945)....My sister...my brother...and I, age 6, took our mother's pots and pans out to the street and banged them together every time a car passed our home..."

Leland Junior High School (photo MCHS courtesy of the Chevy Chase Historical Society)
"On December 8, 1941, Jean Dinwoodey Linehan was in 7th grade at Leland Jr. High School sitting in the balcony of the auditorium listening to Pres. Roosevelt give his live War Message to Congress "Day of Infamy" speech."

Jeanne Schiff Talpers remembers...She entered "....Chevy Chase Elementary School in the 6th grade and then went to Leland Junior High School and Woodrow Wilson"...Recently Jeanne found diary entries she had written when she was 13 and 14 years old..."April 12, 1945, Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Death:
'Dear Diary: Today, Franklin Delano Roosevelt passed away. President of the United States, leader of freemen everywhere, he was worshipped, loved and respected by all. In a time when liberty loving nations are seeing the last minutes of the Nazi government, the beginning of the end of defeat over the Japanese, and the end of the war to end all wars through the efforts of the peace table, Franklin Delano Roosevelt's name will forever be remembered by all who cherish liberty.'
Tuesday, May 11, 1945, VE Day: 'VE Day officially declared. At school (Leland) had a very interesting program, starting with the broadcast of President Truman and Churchill.'"