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Object ID 1989.04.02
Title "Chevy Chase Yesterday and Today"
Object Name pamphlet
Date 1939
Creator Chevy Chase Elementary School
Description "Chevy Chase Yesterday and Today"
pamphlet issued by students of Marie M. Gerardo at Rosemary School
Chevy Chase Elementary School
10 cents
1939

Map, Herbert Corn

Dedication: "We gratefully dedicate this pamphlet to the citizens of Chevy Chase and to the people whose kind cooperation has made this possible, especially: Dr. E. G. Latch, Miss Byrd Belt, Mr. Frederick Haskins, Mrs. B. Marsh, Mrs. W. C. White, and Mr. H. F. Corn"
History of Chevy Chase
Government
Education
Protection
Chevy Chase Water Supply, Food Supply
Churches of Chevy Chase
Housing
Occupation and Economy
Newspapers
Transportation
Electricity
Customs
Chevy Chase Club on p. 3
Drawings and sketches, Diagrams
1 original, 1 copy

CHEVY CHASE YESTERDAY AND TODAY

DEDICATION

CHEVY CHASE YESTERDAY AND TODAY
INTRODUCTION

We have written this pamphlet so that the citizens of Chevy Chase will understand and know their community better.

We hope that you already appreciate this beautiful community that we live in, and we hope too that this may, in some small measure, increase your appreciation.

We feel that in writing this pamphlet, we have learned much about our community and its problems. Almost everybody in our class has helped in the writing of our pamphlet. The
children in the class explored their own community and gathered facts on their topics directly from old inhabitants of Chevy Chase, business men, and any other people who could give them
information.

Chevy Chase Elementary School
Elementary Stage, Room 6
The Editorial Board
Ralph Williams, Chairman Marjory Heilman
Lydia McAllister
June Heap
Arne Mylander
Jean Chapman William Bristow
Mary Jane Colton

CHEVY CHASE YESTERDAY AND TODAY

THE HISTORY OF CHEVY CHASE
The name, Chevy Chase, was old when Colonel Belt was born in 1680. It came from a mountain range between Scotland and England called Chyviat or Cheviot Hills. King Charles presented five hundred sixty acres of land to Colonel Belt in 1725. This was later increased to one thousand acres. All this land was lying in Prince George's County. It was later called Montgomery County. Colonel Belt must have been of a Scotch family for he named his estate after the battle of Chevie Chase which ie famous in English literature.

Colonel Belt sold his holdings to Judge Bradley, then Postmaster General of the United States, who held it until a few days before his death, when he sold it to a real estate syndicate called The Chevy Chase Land Company.

Among the first residents to build houses were Senator Stewart, Senator Newland, and Mr. E. J. Stellwagen. These three men were mainly responsible for the development of the property. Senator Stewart's home was the one later occupied by Mr. Coyly. It was originally a red clapboard building and was later covered with stone.

Many years ago, food supplies were brought to the village twice a week in a freight car on the Capital Transit Company tracks. A car line had been established on Connecticut Avenue which ran to the Chevy Chase Lake. A man from Brook and Harvey Grocery oCompany came out in a horse drawn buggy and took the villagers ¢ orders on Monday and Thursday. Tuesday and Friday the supplies were sent and unloaded in front of the Post Office on Connecticut Avenue. The Land Company paid to have it hauled to the villagers' homes.

The street car line was very popular in those days. Coal was ordered through the company. Ice was also brought on a company wagon a few times a week in the summer. The lights were turned off at two in the morning, but if a person got sick, a telephone call was sent through the street car line to the power house and the lights were turned on again.

The Chevy Chase Club, originally a hunt club, was the first of the country clubs in Chevy Chase. Forty five years ago when Chevy Chase was a village, gay hunt parties raced through the village in full huntinglattire. Today it is primarily a golf club and one of several clubs in Chevy Chase.
in the early days, there was no fire department. In an annex to the post office, there was a hand pump engine which, in case of fire, would be operated by the volunteer firemen. Drills were held and the little engine raced around the village, but when the first fire occurred and children were sent to sound the alarm at four o'clock in the morning, the clapper fell out of the bell. A street car conductor stopped his car, gave the alarm, and the engine was hurried to Dr. Grey's home on Grafton Street. When water was pumped into the unused hose it burst all to pieces, and the house burned to the ground.

By
Marjory Heilman Mary Jane Colton Franklin Loving Ralph Williams
Sources: Frederic J. Haskins Miss Byrd Belt
Mrs. Schultz, who has lived in Chevy Chase 45 years

EDUCATION
The Chevy Chase Elementary School is a part of the educational system of Montgomery County.
The system is governed by the\Board of Education. There are six members on the Board of Education, appointed by the Governor of the State.

"That our schools are in keeping with modern principles of education is due largely to the vision of the County (1) Superintendent of Education, Dr. Edwin W. Broome."

The school population was 13,750 in 1938. The enrollment of the schools has increased every year since 1932.

"The county has a system of schools providing for the kindergarten and six years of elementary education with three (2) years of senior and three years of junior high school work."

The one and two room schools are gradually disappearing and large schools are taking their place. The children are taken to the schools in buses. The high schoolstare state accredited, and all five are members of the Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools.

In the Chevy Chase School, the teachers and pupils are working toward a helpful educRtion. Each grade in the

1) Mrs. J. H. Werner
2) School Construction Report, Board of Education of Montgomery County, Maryland
elementary school has one teacher for all subjects. In the junior and senior high schools, there is one teacher for each subject. After a pupil finishes junior high school, he must decide what he wants to do when he gets to college, because the senior high school offers several different courses.

In the Chevy Chase Elementary School, there are 642 pupils and eighteen teachers. In the Leland Junior High School, there are 820 pupils and thirty four teachers and in the Bethesda Chevy Chase Senior High School, there are 654 pupils and thirty four teachers.
Some of the important and new features that go on during school are the clubs, movies and assemblies.

The Chevy Chase schools join all sorts of poster and other contests of that kind. The Rosemary Elementary School won a cup in the 1938 Christmas Lane for the best represented elementary school of Montgomery County.

The Chevy Chase School has a cafeteria managed by the P.T.A. The P.T.A. also pays for a School Nurse and sponsors a director of recreation. The school band works under the direction of the Music Supervisor and the director is employed by the County Board of Education.

"In the Annual Report for the year 1937 1938 of the public schools the following statements are made about education in Montgomery County.

"Children are provided with activities in school which make it possible for individual differences to be expressed. "If all the powers of an immature person are to be developed, the individual must be active.

"The cooperation of homes school, and pupil has been found necessary for the right development of children. Conferences for the exchange of information between the school and home (3) have proved of the greatest benefit in knowing the child."

By
Stella Werner
Lydia McAllister Carter Prescott Jimmy Maddox
(3) " Of the Children," Board of Education of Montgomery County, Maryland.

PROTECTION
For our protection in Chevy Chase, we have the FireDepartment, the Health Department, and the Police Department.

The Fire Department helps us P. great deal. If you have a fire, quickly phone the Fire Department whose number is Wisconsin 4000; or, if you don't know the number, aak the operator for the Fire Department. This numher is only for an emergency. The Fire Department's regular number is Bradley 149. In the year 1937, we had 113 fires, and we used 150,000 gallons of water to put these fires outs In 1938, we had 94 fires and used 75,000 gallons of water. This shows we were more careless in 1937 than in 1938.

Besides putting out fires, the Fire Department rescues people who are locked in rooms, or can't got don from high trees or buildings. Mr. Reed is the Chief Deputy of the Chevy Chase Fire Department.

The Health Department is very busy with different diseq.ses,, such as pneumonia. It starts from colds. We could keep from getting colds by getting plenty of rest and fresh air, and eating the right foods. Don't eat so many sweets. Milk and vegetables will help you more. A way to het rid of colds Is to wear the proper clothing. For instance, when it Is raining, wear your rubbers And raincoat so you won't r;et wet. The county nurse and doctor do lots of work to keep us healthy and well. They are in charge of the tuberculosis seals which we should buy to help fight tuberculosis. In order to call the county nurse or doctor, phone Rockville 360. Another health office is the Sanitation Department which inspects for cleanliness, the different places in which we live, so
we won't get diseases.

The Police Department in Chevy Chase gives us as much protection as any other department in communities our size. The police work two shifts, the night shift which is fourteen hours and the day shift which is ten hours. During the summer vacation, if you call the Police Department and tell them you are leaving town, they will watch your house until you return. During the summer vacation in 1938 only two houses were broken into. There are thirty two policemen employed at the Police Department. The Police Department's telephone number is Bradley 200.

By
Ronalie Smith
Jean Webster
Brice Toole
Lowell Leake
Source:: The Police Department and the Fire Department

CHEVY CHASE WATER SUPPLY
Burnt Mills supplies Chevy Chase with its water. The supply of water at Burnt Mills is a very good one. First, the water must run over rocks, little stones, pebbles, and. sand. The water is tested and chemicals nut in it so it won't have bad germs. Burnt Mills is a very good place to have a water system because the water that comes down the river by Burnt Mills is rather pure. They have a dam there and. have three or four filters. The filters are arranged so that they can be cleaned, if necessary. They also have a ,.reservoir. They have quite a number of ways of purifying the water. They have many machines to help keep the water clean. The water is sent to the houses by pipes. During a drought Chevy Chase would get its water from 'Washington. Chevy Chase's water main can he connected to the District of Columbia's main at Chevy Chase Circle. The accompanying diagram will show ou 'how rater could get from Burnt Mills and Washington to us.

By
Kendall Brooks Dick Lowe
Ralph Howard
Sources: Donald B. Broo's Mrs. Doris C. Brooks Employees of Burnt Mills

The sources of food supply of Chevy Chase are as follows: we get the wheat for our bread from the western states, the vegetables from nearby Maryland and Virginia in the summer time and in winter from Florida. The meat bought most often in Chevy Chase is beef and the vegetaoles most often bought are peas and spinach. The main foods used everywhere in our country and in
Chevy Chase are bread, butter, coffee, eggs, flour, meat, potatoes, sugar, tea, and milk. All of these foods pass through many hands before they reach us, I an going to tail you about the milk and how it gets to Chevy Chase. The farmer milks his cows, pours the milk into big con-
tainers, and takes the milk to the dairy. There the milk is poured into other containers so that it can be pasteurized. The milk is heated to 142º Fahrenheit, and is kept there for thirty minutes. After the milk has been pasteurized, it is ready to be iott];cd. Ito hand has touched the milk. While the milk is being pasteurized, the bottles are being sterilized. The bottles are put into soap suds and then to clear water.

Hundreds of. oottles are put on a revolving ramp. When the bottles are clean and sterilized, they are put on another ramp so that they can be filled with pasteurized milk. When the bottles reach a point directly under the big containers a device like a faucet opens and lots the milk run into the bottle. When the bottle is filled the next bottle takes its place, and in this way many bottles are filled each day.

Then the full bottles go to another place where a sterilized cap is put on by another automatic device. After all this has taken place, the milkman places the bottles of milk in his truck and takes them to our doors. There is another way to pasteurize milk, too. Some of the dairies in Chevy Chase are the Chestnut Farms Chevy Chase Dairy, Thompson's Dairy, tmbassy Dairy,
Model Farms Dairy, Fairfax Farms Dairy, Arlington County Dairy, and Wakefield Dairy. Most of our milk comes from nearby Maryland and Virginia in a radius of one hundred miles. About one hundred fifty farms supply Thompson's Dairy.

Now let us watch the milk as it comes from the farm. The dairies must have certain standards to live up to. The cows must have four towels a day; the floors of the stalls must be of concrete; the stalls must be a certain distance apart; the farmers must cool the milk to a certain point and at the pasteurizing plant it must be within one degree of that or be sent back. After the milk has been cooled, it is put in a refrigerating truck and taken to the dairy. On the bottom floor, the milk is weighed, then it is pumped up to the second floor where it is put in a tank with a violet ray lamp which gives it Vitamin B, the sunshine vitamin.

Some of the other products Thompson's deliver are cream, butter milk, chocolate milk, butter, cottage cheese, and eggs.

By Penny Perkins Mary Browning

Sources: Employees of District Grocery Store on Brookville Road Mr. Henry Thompson of Thompson's Dairy.

There are three churches in Chevy Chase, Harytand. The first one is the All Saints Episcopal, which now stands at the Chevy Chase Circle and Grafton Street. Later the First Methodist Church was built n the Corner of Connecticut Avenue and Shepherd Street. After that the Saint John's Episcopal Church was built on the corner of Bradley Lane and Wisconsin Avenue.

Four hundred fifty to five hundred people attend the Saint John's Episcopal Church. Five hundred belong. One hundred eighty to two hundred people attend the Methodist each Sunday. Four hundred fifty five belong. Four hundred people attend the All Saints Episcopal. Five hundred belong.

By
Beverly Cook Rieta Latch
Vivette Allen
Source: The Pamphlet of the Chevy
Chase Methodist Episcopal Church.

HOUSING
Most houses in Chevy Chase have one or more rooms to a person. The prices range from $10,000 to $50,000. They usually have big rooms. They have from four to fifteen rooms per house. Frame, stucco, and brick are the most popular materials used in building houses. The typical house of Chevy Chase has a fairly large yard. It usually has shrubbery around it. Houses in Chevy Chase are rather large. The entrance hallway is usually in the center of the house. In most houses the living room is the largest of all rooms and the kitchen is the smallest. Most of the houses have from two to four bedrooms. The largest is called the master bedroom. Some houses have an extra room which is used for sewing.

The architecture of the houses and public buildings of Chevy Chase is not at all alike. Our Police Station on Wisconsin Avenue has very plain architecture. It is oblong and built of stone. Our Chevy Chase Fire Department on Connecticut Avenue is made of brick and is an oblong building also. The Chevy Chase Woman's Club is in Early American style. The church that stands at the corner of Shepherd Street and Connecticut Avenue was the first church in Chevy Chase. A new church was dedicated October 13, 1935. Its style is artificial Norman.

By
Amelia Olson
'ean Chapman
Source: The Washington PostBilly Wohlfarth

OCCUPATIONS AND ECONOMY
About two thirds of the people living in Chevy Chase work in the District of Columbia. Most of these people are 'overnment employees. The average family makes about $6,000 a year.
The other third of the people have different kinds of jobs some work in Bethesda, some work in Chevy Chase, some do not have jobs at all.

The average family has two or three children. To raise them, it costs about 1,000 a year.lmost everyifamiy has a car. It costs about $900 per year for repairs and such things as gasoline and oil. Most families have a maid, The average family goes to about one movie a week. It costs fifteen, or twentycents for children and thirty. five or forty eerits for adults. At the rate of one movie a week it would cost about $:21 a year. Almost every child has about twenty-five cents allowance. This makes about $25 a year for allowances. About $10 a year is paid for bus or carfare (this holds true for people who have cars). Approximately $3,000 is paid yearly for repairs, heating, taxes, investments, and electricity in the house.

Approximately $5,900 is paid each year for expenses, allowances, children, transportation, and many other things.

By
Lee Carter
Woodlief Thomas
Source: Dr. F. J. Carter

NEWSPAPERS
The Bethesda Chevy Chase Tribune and the Bethesda Journal are about the only newspapers in Chevy Chase that give strictly local news. They give local weddings, engagements, and social
events.

Some families in Chevy Chase get papers from out of town, like the New York Times and the Baltimore Sun. The Baltimore Sun carries news in general, political news of Maryland, inter national news and national news. The New York Times has political news of New York, international news and national news.

In Washington we have four newspapers, the Washington post, the Evening Star, the News and the Herald Times. As a rule, these papers have the following: international news, national news, social events, comics, deaths, births, marriages and a rotogravure section on Sunday. One of the great marvels in newspapers today is the wire photo which receives pictures from all over the world.

You could not give the total of newspapers sold in Chevy Chase because some people buy evening and morning papers on the street corners.

In April, 1920, a newspaper was published for the residents of Chevy Chase. The name of it was The Chevy Chase News. The paper is still sold in Chevy Chase. Melvin Mandell is the Publisher; M. D. Davis, Editor; and C. H. Bates, Business Manager; Office, 3805 McKinley Street (upstairs.)

There is another newpaper by the name of The Washington Home News which is sold in Chevy Chase, Cleveland Park, and Friendship Heights, The main office is 707 Sixth Street, Northwest, Phone Metropolitan.

June Heap
Donald Waite Margaret Johnson]
Source : Chevy Chase Fublic Library

TRANSPORTATION
Transportation is very im ortant to us. We use it many times in each day; for instance, in going to the store, in going to the office, and Going to school.

In 1819, Chevy Chase used street cars for transportation. Men pulled them. It wasn't as hard as you would think because the street cars were little and they didn't run on tracks. The government ran the street car:.. They didn't think it was very good so they gave some property to the Capital Transit Company to rake a better line. The Capital Transit knevv that they could carry more people with a bigger street car and could go faster if they used horses. The Capital Transit and
the people both liked this better. More and more people moved into Chevy Chase.
Then the Capital Transit Company thought that they should have more street cars, built bigger, faster, and sooner.

They thought that electricity would be good, so they bought cars that ran by electricity. These street cars ran on tracks, but they still didn't run fast enough. Later they decided that they should change the style and make it like an automobile, only bigger. They should run on rubber tires. That made them run smoother.

By
John Egbert
John Campbell

ELECTRICITY IN CHEVY CHASE
One of the main factors, in the growth of Chevy Chase as the electric street railway which ran to the terminus at Chevy Chase Lake, This railway, called the tit ock Creek and Chevy Chase Railway Company,' built the bridge on Connecticut i venue over Mingle Ford, and laid car tracks to serve the co .unity. The electric pourer was generated by the old Capital Traction Company to run this railway and light Connecticut Avenue.

A few Years later the Potomac Electric Power Company brought lines into the co_Liunity, Pepco followed the builders of homes and spread electricit T over the whole co 'uuunity. The company has recently, built a modern substation on the Old Georgetown Road near Battery Park as a distributing point for greater Chevy Chase, and its adjoining communities.

Since 1900, the uses for electricity have increased greatly. About 1900, electricity was used only for the railway and lights on Connecticut Avenue.Now, electricity is used for lighting all streets, parks, schools, and hones. It is used also for radios, electrical musical instrul:2ents, telephone, telegra .)h, air conditioning; auto:_iatic h~.atinrº, refrigeration, washing and ironing machinery, and all the sna1:;.er electrically operated articles used in hones.

Electric service for light and power purposes in Chevy Chase, Maryland, is furnished by the Potomac Electric Power Company.

This company has two plants in Washington where it generates electricity. It also has a tie-in line with the Consolidated Gas and Electric Company of Baltimore, Maryland, through which it can obtain electricity if necessary. The Potomac Electric Power Company's generating plants are '.nctm as the rennin Station and the Buzzards r Point Station, both of which are located on the Anacostia River. Electricity used in Chevy Chase, Taryland, is generated at high voltage and trans fitted to the Chevy Chase area where it is transfor aed to the lower voltage of 115/230 volts and furnished to usors in that area. The rates for electricity used for residential purposes
in Chevy Chase are:

1. First forty six kilowatt hours used monthly, 1.5c per kilowatt hour.
2. Next eighty kilowatt hours used monthly, 1.7 j per kilowatt hour.
3. Electricity used n.onth17 in excess of one hundred twenty six kilowatt hours, 1.5V per kilowatt hour.

David Sernaes
Arthur Hayes
Source. D. E. Hahn of Potomac Electric Power Company

CUSTOMS
There.are two clubs in Chevy Chase where most people go for their sports. There are swimming, golf and tennis. At the Chevy Chase Club there are also some bowling alleys. The other club is the Columbia. Country Club.

Many sports are played at schools. Some of the sports are: baseball, basketball, football, golf, tennis, badminton, sacker, hockey, swimming, boxing, skating, wrestling, dodge ball, and keep a way.

A new indoor ice skating rink has recently been opened. It is called the Chevy Chase Ice Palace. Many people from Chevy Chase skate there. Some people go there to the ice hockey games. There are some bowling alleys there too.

Quite a few people go to the Washington Stadium to see the big baseball games. Boxing is sometimes held in the evening. There is football in the winter there!

Some people go to the movies downtown or some go to the ones near Chevy Chase. Some of the theaters in and around Chevy Chase are the State, Avalon, Boro, and Calvert. The
main downtown theaters are the Palace, Capital, Earle, R. K. 0, Keith's, and Columbia.
The people in Chevy Chase wear different clothing from the people in quite a few foreign countries. In the winter, ladies and girls wear warm clothing such as: snow suits, winter coats, sweaters, blouses, skirts, warm dresses, gloves, rubbers, scarfs, and hats. The men wear dark suits, cotton shirts, vests, overcoats, gloves, hats, scarfs, and rubbers.

In the spring and summer, ladies and girls wear cotton dresses, light coats, slacks, shorts, sunsuits, sweaters, hats, keds, and bathing suits. Men wear shorts, light suits, cotton shirts, bathing suits, and coats.

By
Ralph tee
Mary Helen Morrisson Jane Kinsman
Patty Marsh
Source: Mrs. J. H. Werner

THE LIKENESSES AND DIFFERENCES OF CHEVY CHASE AND A FEW NEARBY COMMUNITIES
The community. of Chevy Chase is different from Washington in two respects: One is that Washington has a large business section; another is that Washington has slums and tenements. Chevy Chase has neither.

Chevy Chase is different from New York and Washington because they are both noisy cities. Chevy Chase is quiet.

Chevy Chase is like Washington because they both have large residential sections. This applies to New York, too.

By
Dorothy Smith
Dorothy Warren
Arne Molander