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Object ID 2008.20.88
Title Chevy Chase Handbook
Object Name City Directory/Phone book
Author Chevy Chase Association of Retailers
Published Date 1990
Description Chevy Chase Handbook
Chevy Chase Association of Retailers
The Handbook Group-Official Community Publications, Ltd.
Rockville, Maryland
1990

Directory of Community Services, Maps, Activities, Recreation and Restaurants

p.6
On March 25, 1634, two ships, the Ark and the Dove, dropped anchor on Maryland's southern shore. They carried 200 colonists who had set sail from England with Cecil Calvert, Second Lord Baltimore. King Charles I had granted this new territory to Calvert's father, George Calvert, who called the new territory Maryland, in honor of Henrietta Maria, wife of Charles I.

Cecil Calvert was a Roman Catholic and a promoter of religious freedom. This attracted colonists fleeing religious persecution not only from England, but from Maryland's less tolerant neighbor, Virginia. The new colonists included Puritans and Quakers as well as Roman Catholics. Passage of the Act of Religious Toleration in 1649 ensured that Maryland would remain religiously diverse.

The early Marylanders soon expanded and protected their rights by forming an Assembly of Freemen. Meeting in the settlement of St. Mary's, the assembly passed its first statutes in 1638. Soon, the growing population began moving inland. It was decided to divide the assembly into two bodies, the Senate and House of Delegates, and in 1694, to move the seat of central government to the growing port city of Annapolis.

Most early settlements grew up in the eastern part of the colony, particularly around Chesapeake Bay. This was an ideal location for ports. The bay was deep enough to accommodate oceangoing vessels, yet it was protected by land from rough seas.

As families established towns and planted farms, the eldest sons felt secure in their inheritance. But younger sons and new settlers had to purchase land or settle in new areas to farm. The area that was to become western Montgomery County offered vast, fertile, unsettled land that was ripe for the taking. One man, Colonel Joseph Belt, received a patent for 560 acres of farmland in 1725. He christened it Cheivy Chace, a name of ancient British origin.